Intangible cultural heritage, also called live human heritage, includes customs and social practices, rituals, beliefs, forms of oral expression, knowledge and skills connected to traditional crafts, and cuisine. They are transferred from one generation to another and presently form part of a specific heritage of a community. Such heritage is recognized by heritage communities as part of their identity, and by keeping it alive and transferring it to next generation they build a unique feeling of identity, continuity and belonging.
Protection and conservation of intangible cultural heritage in Republic of Serbia became systematic and organized after the adoption of UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in May 2010. One great and important step toward protection of this part of very rich heritage in Serbia was made by establishment of National register of intangible cultural heritage in 2012. This Register is administered in the Center for Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Ethnographic Museum in Belgrade and presently includes first 28 elements recorded and adopted as part of national heritage of Serbia.
Customs Krsna slava, Molitva pod Midžorom (Prayer under Midžor Mt.), Custom of making and burning ratarske sveće (agriculturalists’ candles), Lazarice at Sirinićka Župa, Guarding Christ’s Grave;
Oral traditions Singing along gusle, Groktalice, Pevanje izvika, Era humor, Ojkača, Town songs of Vranje, Pirot storytelling.
Performing arts Kolo, kolo u tri, kolo u šest, Rumenka, playing gajde, practice of playing shepherd’s flute, Playing kaval and Vukov Sabor.
Craft knowledge and skills Kilim-making of Pirot, Filigree craft, Stone masonry craft from Bela Voda, pottery from Zlakus, making wooden flasks in village Pilica, embroidery from Kosovo and Naïve painting by Slovaks.
Knowledge of food-preparing Belmuž, Preparing kačkavalj (yellow cheese) of Pirot, Preparing Pazar mantije.
In 2014, Serbia has included the custom of Slava – celebrating the family patron saint in the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, while the Spring Holiday: Hidrileze/St.George was suggested for inclusion as multinational nomination.
Нематеријално културно наслеђе